History in Jordan is heavily influenced by the Nabateans. Originating from North Arabia, this nomadic tribe blossomed thanks to the lucrative trade in incense and spices from Yemen. The tribe slowly took control of all caravan routes trading between India and the Greco-Roman world. These rich Nabatean caravans made their stops in the rocky confines of Petra, a natural fortress and ideal place for the Nabateans to build their capital and necropolis. Having been influenced by their distant expeditions to Egypt, Syria, Arabia and Mesopotamia, but also by trips to the Greek and Roman lands, the Nabateans transformed the rocky sandstone castle and surroundings in all their ochre and pink hues into the amazing buildings of Petra.
The Dead Sea is also a worthy destination for a visit where you can float in its sandy foam and enjoy the lowest point on earth. Visit the churches of Madaba, the biblical site of Mount Nebo and Karak. Mount Nebo, mentioned often in biblical texts, is where Moses set eyes on the land of Canaan before he passed away. This is where his tomb lies, making it one of the most sacred and most visited places in Jordan.
In addition, the valley of Wadi Rum is truly enchanting for desert enthusiasts but also for those who want to explore in the footsteps of Lawrence of Arabia. The desert of Wadi Rum exposes its sandy valleys and dunes with a palette of colors changing from yellow to red, with impressive cliffs and mounds of sandstone that range from black to deep red to light yellow, rendering every sunset an unforgettable experience. You may want to explore Wadi Rum with an all-terrain vehicle across the desert, and then relax under a Bedouin tent for some dark sweet tea. Before heading out to Wadi Rum, you might like to visit the Neolithic site of Beida, also known as the 'Little Petra'. Last but not least, the Roman site of Jerash will also leave you spellbound with remains of organized Roman streets and impressive colonnades.